Evaluation of Productivity and Financial Feasibility of Broiler Chicken Farming Business Models: Cage and Postal Systems

Authors

  • Iman Aji Wijoyo Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang
  • Lely Puspitarini Aribowo Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang
  • Novita Dewi Kristanti Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62793/japsi.v1i2.15

Keywords:

Broiler productivity, Cages, Financial feasibility, Postal cage

Abstract

The growth of the human population and increased purchasing power drive greater demand for broiler meat, posing challenges for farmers to enhance their productivity and business efficiency. The development of closed-house cages offers a solution to improve production efficiency. This study compares the productivity and financial analysis between the cage and postal models. Utilizing a quantitative descriptive method, the research was conducted over a single rearing period in cages and postal setups at PT Dinamika Megatama Citra (DMC) without any specific treatment. Research parameters encompassed body weight gain, mortality, FCR, harvest weight, and Performance Index. Financial analysis was conducted using indicators such as the R/C ratio, B/C ratio, Break-Even Point (BEP), and Return on Investment (ROI). Results indicate that in cage conditions, mortality stood at 4.07%, FCR at 1.718, average weight at 2.2 kg, and Performance Index at 287.5. Meanwhile, postal cages exhibited higher mortality at 8.79%, FCR at 1.732, average weight at 2.3 kg, and Performance Index at 285.6. In financial analysis, cage systems had a BEP price of Rp 19,726/kg with a unit BEP of 40,616 kg, an R/C ratio of 1.039, a B/C ratio of 0.039, and an ROI of 3.92%. Conversely, postal cages had a BEP price of Rp 19,507/kg with a unit BEP of 39,924 kg, an R/C ratio of 1.05, a B/C ratio of 0.05, and an ROI of 5.09%.

References

Akhadiarto, S. (2023). Kajian Pembuatan Pakan Lokal Dibanding Pakan Pabrik Terhadap Performan Ayam Kampung Di Gorontalo. Majalah Ilmiah Pengkajian Industri, 11(1), 41–50. https://doi.org/10.29122/mipi.v11i1.2092

Alfa, H. F., Ekowati, T., & Handayani, M. (2016). Analisis Pendapatan Usaha Ayam Broiler Di Kecamatan Jalaksana Kabupaten Kuningan Jawa Barat. Mediagro, 12(2), 65–73.

Amalia Yunia Rahmawati. (2020). Tinjauan Pustaka. July, 1–23.

Christiana Simanjuntak, M. (2018). Analisis Usaha Ternak Ayam Broiler di Peternakan Ayam Selama Satu Kali Masa Produksi. In Jurnal Fapertanak: Vol.III

Fitra, D., Ulupi, N., Arief, I. I., Mutia, R., Abdullah, L., & Erwan, E. (2019). Potensi Pengembangan Peternakan Ayam pada Sistem Free Range: Kajian Performa Produksi, Kesehatan dan Kualitas Produk. 1–19.

Lailina, I. Y., Sunarto, & Sudarmanto, B. (2020). Analisis Usaha Peternakan Ayam Broiler Pola Kemitraan ( Studi Kasus PT . BAS ) Wajak Malang. Jurnal Agriekstaensia, 19(1), 78–96.

Mahardika, C. B. D. P., Pello, W. Y., & Pallo, M. (2020). Performa Usaha Kemitraan Ayam Ras Pedaging. Partner, 25(1), 1270. https://doi.org/10.35726/jp.v25i1.450

Normansyah, D., Rochaeni, S., & Humaerah, A. D. (2014). Analisis Pendapatan Usahatani Sayuran di Kelompok Jaya, Tani Ilir, Desa Ciaruteun Bogor, Kabupaten. Agribisnis, Vol. 8, No. 1, Juni 2014, [ 29 - 44 ], 8(1), 29–44.

Nuryati, T. (2019). Analisis Performans Ayam Broiler Pada Kandang Tertutup dan Kandang Terbuka. Peternakan Nusantara, 5(2), 77–87.

Pakage, S., Hartono, B., Nugroho, B. A., & Iyai, D. A. (2018). Analisis Struktur Biaya dan Pendapatan Usaha Peternakan Ayam Pedaging dengan Menggunakan Closed House System dan Open House System. Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science), 20(3), 193. https://doi.org/10.25077/jpi.20.3.193-200.2018

Prihandanu, R., Trisanto, A., & Yuniati, Y. (2015). Model Sistem Kandang Ayam Closed House Otomatis Menggunakan Omron Sysmac CPM1A 20-CDR-A-V1. Jurnal Rekayasa Dan Teknologi Elektro, 9(1).

Putra, D. A., Sunaryo, & Suryanto, D. (2023). Jurnal Penelitian , Fakultas Peternakan , Universitas Islam Malang, Ayam broiler merupakan salah satu jenis ternak unggas yang mempunyai masa pertumbuhan yang singkat dikarenakan masa panen pada umur 4 sampai 5 minggu dengan optimal yang diseba. Jurnal Dinamika Rekasatwa, 6(2), 337–342.

Sasongko, A. E., Nurliza, & Imelda. (2017). Analisis Permintaan Rumah Tangga Terhadap Daging Ayam Broiler Di Kabupaten Mempawah. Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture, 6(2), 75–83.

Sofyan, A., Girsang, H., Setianto, N. A., & Man Hidayat, N. ’. (2023). Mortalitas, Berat Panen, dan Feed Conversion Ratio pada Usaha Ayam Broiler PT. Cemerlang Unggas Lestari. Jurnal Riset Rumpun Ilmu Hewani (JURRIH), 2(1), 9–21.

Sugito, R., Andri, N., & Nur, Y. (2021). Analisis Ekonomi dan Produksi Usaha Peternakan Ayam Broiler Menggunakan Tipe Kandang Closed House Dua Lantai Dan Tiga Lantai di Kabupaten Kebumen Economic and Production Analisys of Broiler Chicken Livestock Using Two-Story and Three-Story Closed House in. Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 3(1), 104–114.

Sumarno, Woli, Y., & Supartini, N. (2022). Kajian Performa Produksi Ayam Pedaging Pada Sistem Kandang Closed House Dan Open House Study Of Broiler Production Performance In Closed House And Open House Cage Systems. Jurnal Agriekstensia Vol. 21 No. 1 Juli 2022, 21(1).

Sunanda, D., Juliani, D., Jannah, M., & Saputra, A. (2023). Perilaku Harian Ayam Broiler ( Gallus Domesticus ) Di Peternakan Belitang (Oku Timur) DAILY BEHAVIOR OF BROILERS (Gallus domesticus) AT BELITANG (EAST OKU) LIVESTOCK. 73–77.

Susanti, E. D., Dahlan, M., & Wahyuning, D. (2016). Perbandingan Produktivitas Ayam Broiler Terhadap Sistem Kandang Terbuka (Open House) Dan Kandang Tertutup (Closed House) Di UD Sumber Makmur Kecamatan Sumberejo Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Jurnal Ternak, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.30736/jy.v7i1.5

Trison, B. N., Datta, F. U., & Nitbani, H. (2022). Uji Performa Pertumbuhan Dan Profil Sel Darah Merah Ayam Broiler (Fase Starter) Yang Diberi Pakan Tepung Magot Bsf. Jurnal Veteriner Nusantara, 5(26), 113–124. http://ejurnal.undana.ac.id/jvnVOL.5NO.26

Umam, M. K., Prayogi, H. S., Nurgiartiningsih, V. M. A., Setyo Prayogi, H., & Nurgiartiningsih, D. V. M. A. (2014). The Performance Of Broiler Rearing In System Stage Floor and Double Floor Penampilan Produksi Ayam Pedaging Yang Dipelihara Pada Sistem Lantai Kandang Panggung dan Kandang Bertingkat. Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Peternakan, 24(3), 79–87. http://jiip.ub.ac.id/

Utomo, H. ., Setiyawan, H., & S.I, S. (2015). Analisis Profitabilitas Usaha Peternakan Ayam Broiler Dengan Pola Kemitraan di Kecamatan Limbangan Kabupaten Kendal. Animal Agriculture Journal, 4(July 2014), 7–14.

Downloads

Published

2024-07-01

How to Cite

Wijoyo, I. A., Aribowo, L. P., & Kristanti, N. D. (2024). Evaluation of Productivity and Financial Feasibility of Broiler Chicken Farming Business Models: Cage and Postal Systems. Journal of Agriprecision & Social Impact, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.62793/japsi.v1i2.15